Difference between revisions of "Layered Terrain Surface Representation"

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(Editing Layer Map and Satellite Map: Example translated.)
m (Layer Legend: Clarified legend config.)
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[[Image:SurfaceMapLegend.jpg|thumb|none|800px|Layer Legend]]
 
[[Image:SurfaceMapLegend.jpg|thumb|none|800px|Layer Legend]]
  
Config desribing basic surfaces for this legend might look like this:
+
Config describing basic surfaces for this legend might look like this (the config is part of the layer config described below):
  
 
<pre>
 
<pre>

Revision as of 07:47, 9 November 2006


Terrain surfaces for the whole world are represented by a pair of textures covering the whole world: Satellite Map and Layer Map. PNG format is used for both textures, both textures are split when imported to Visitor and Layer Map is converted to Layer Mask during the process.

Note: The import process can be very time consuming because of the huge amount of data being processed. The full import of data for 20x20 km world with resolution 1 takes about 10 hours on a 2 GHz computer. The conversion is incremental, therefore if you edit only a small part of the maps, the next iteration is a lot faster, but it still can take about 1 hour (only launching Buldozer to check the results takes around 15 minutes). Be sure to tune your surfaces with small world first and once you are happy with the results, proceed with the large one.

Layer Legend

Legend is an image accompanied with a config, defining conversion from RGB to layers. Config defines which color represents what surface type. One surface type can be represented by multiple colors, which makes creating smooth blends between multiple surface type pairs possible. Only first line of the image is read, the rest is ignored and can be used for annotations.

There are few limitations imposed on the legend file - main being no color can exist twice in the image. The sample legend was created using gradient Rainbow in Photoshop, with added gradients to black and white on the ends using gradient between two colors.

Config describing basic surfaces for this legend might look like this (the config is part of the layer config described below):

class Legend
{
  picture="layertest\src\mapLegend.png";
  class Colors
  {
    /// color names should correspond to surface layer names
    snow[]={{255,255,255}};
    wetSand[]={{0,0,0}};
    grass[]={{0,255,131},{255,255,0}};
    sand[]={{207,115,0}};
    rock[]={{0,255,255},{121,255,0}};
    mud[]={{0,255,0}};
  }
};
Layer Map
Layer Map
Satellite Map


Layer map is edited as an RGB image. Each pixel of the map image is interpreted as follows:

  • best matching color in the Legend is found
  • based on nearest left and right basic surface corresponding surface blend is used


There is another config file describing the layer map. It defines what legend is used, and it also defines surface materials for basic surfaces. Surface materials used in one layer map need to have all parameters except the textures referenced identical. Textures used should not use SRGB color conversions, which implies _lco texture type should be used.

class Layers
{
  class Grass
  {
    texture="layertest\data\grass_lco.paa";
    material="layertest\data\grass.rvmat";
  };

  class Sand
  {
    texture = "#(argb,8,8,3)color(0.5,0.5,0.5,1)";
    material="layertest\data\sand.rvmat";
  };

  class Rock
  {
    texture = "#(argb,8,8,3)color(0.5,0.5,0.5,1)";
    material="layertest\data\rock.rvmat";
  };

  class Mud
  {
    texture = "#(argb,8,8,3)color(0.5,0.5,0.5,1)";
    material="layertest\data\mud.rvmat";
  };
};

class Legend
{
  // see above
};
Editing Layer Map and Satellite Map

Assume texture folder is defined as LayerTest\Data in the Visitor for given world. All source files are assume to be located in LayerTest\Source unless specified otherwise.

Preparations:

  • create a legend image
  • create a config layers.cfg defining surfaces and legend used
  • in Tools/Project Preferences decide on the satellite map segment size. The segmens need to overlap slightly because of texture connecting - good overlap size is around 16 texels. Satellite map segment size is given as a multiply of basic landscape grid. Example: Assume world size 10240 x 10240 m with 40 m grid (i.e. 256 x 256 grids) , satellite texture with resolution 7680 x 7680 (one landscape grid needs to be covered by a whole number of texels, therefore satellite texture size needs to be a multiply of world size in grids). We want to achieve segment size 512 x 512 texels, and given the 16 texel overlap wanted, one segment will cover 496 x 496 texels. Size of one texel is 10240 m /7680 (1.3333 m) in this case, 496 texels give around 661.33 m. With 40 m grid we get 661.33/40 = 16.5, which rounded down gives 16. (If the texture grid is different from the terrain grid, rounding down is not enough - we need to round down to the nearest multiply of the number of terrain grids in the texture grid. With terrain grid 10 and texture grid 40 the satellite segment size needs to be a multiply of 4.

Editing cycle: (editing is usually done in Photoshop with Buldozer not running)

  • edit satellite map in Photoshopu (file Satellite-map_lco.png). Note: you need to use _lco or _draftlco as a texture type.
  • edit layer map masku ve Photoshopu (file Layer-map_lco.png). Note: you need to use _lco or _draftlco as a texture type.
  • run Tools / Import Satellite + Mask, select Satellite-map_lco.png, Layers.cfg, Layer-map_lco.png files in the file browser
  • run Buldozer to check the result